Incidence and Severity of Poverty in Dukem Town: A Comparative Study of Male Headed Households and Female Headed Households


Now a day’s women are getting better concern in socio-economic and political spheres of the country, however, still they are lagging behind in all aspects and constitute higher proportion of people living in absolute poverty. National reports show that, the number of female-headed households under absolute poverty is higher than the male-headed ones in urban Ethiopia (WB, 2006) and this study has attempted to assess incidence and severity of poverty among female headed households (FHHs) as compared to male headed households (MHHs) in Dukem town. So, determinants of urban poverty, measuring poverty incidence, gap and severity among households and comparing severity of poverty among FHHs with that of MHHs are identified as specific objectives of study. In relation to these objectives review of related literatures has been carried out based on research questions and conceptual framework developed by the researcher. Descriptive and comparative type of research types are used; to realize the objectives probabilistic and non probabilistic methods were used to draw representative sample from a total households (7860) of Dukem town 380 households have been selected through lottery method of simple random sampling, and three key informants were selected purposively. Both Questionnaire and interview were employed to gather primary data and data gathered has been analyzed by cross tabulation statistics and presented both quantitatively and qualitatively through different statistical tools (tables, charts, frequencies, and percentages). To measure incidence, depth and severity of poverty Foster-Greet-Thorbecke (FGT) model was employed, additionally to see the relationship between non-income and income related variables or determinants of poverty Pearson’s regression model and ANOVA was used. Accordingly, the study revealed out that majority of FHHs are unemployed; have low access to education, health and credit services and have low participation in decision making and also low ownership right to property and income as compared to MHHs; Moreover, study point out that incidence, gap and severity of poverty is higher among FHHs than MHHs. Finally the researcher recommendsit is better if all concerned bodies give great attention to FHHs to narrow the gap observed between households.

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