This study was to assess the nature of Decentralization on Education Service Delivery in view of having the required institutions, manpower, availability of adequate finance and community participation in the provision of service delivery in the Woreda. The study was conducted Dubti Woreda of Afar National Regional State. To meet the above objective, Focus group discussion, In-depth interviews, and Observation were conducted with key informants, professionals, and community representatives. Secondary was also equally reviewed to assess the nature and performance of decentralization on education service delivery in Woreda.. The finding was found out that Education Officials in the Woreda confirmed that currently the student enrollment in the Woreda show that there is less increment in student enrolment which is not the case for years back.. According to the Education Office in Woreda, the gross enrollment of students’ was 16%, 18.5%, 19.5%, 23, and 23.4% in the year 1999, 2001, 2002, and 2003 respectively which is very low progress throughout the year. It was also identified by the study that, in the Woreda communities have demonstrated minimum willingness to contribute in cash, labor and material support for the construction of schools and teachers’ house as well as the act of enrolling school age children. This is due to the fact that, the practice of involving community at large in identifying problems and prioritizing their needs, planning and monitoring is almost inexistent in the Woreda. Regarding Woreda Education Office, among others, the Ministry of Education gives responsibility for supervision, coordination and implementation of education service including primary school construction. However, as the findings indicated that all above activities are not made by the Woreda Education Office. Thus, the above duties and responsibilities are made by the Regional Education Bureau. The findings indicated that the Woreda Education Office is found to have manpower and budget problems which appears to have negatively impacted the service of the office. Finally, Decentralized education service delivery requires available envir onment. However, since Woreda is characterized by Desert it is difficult to deliver education service delivery in the Woreda.

Authors Name: 
Thomas Haile Mekonnen